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anushhTaanaM - 2
darsha
shraaddhaM
mahaalaya
shraaddhaM
pratyaabdiika
shraaddhaM

OM
shrii lakshmiinR^isiMha parabrahmaNe namaH |
shrii padmaavatii sameta veN^kaTeshaaya namaH |
shrii vishhNave paramaatmane namaH |
shriimate raamaanujaaya namaH |
shrii nigamaanta mahaa deshikaaya namaH |
shrii saayiraam.h |


pratyaabdiika shraaddhaM

Annual shraaddhaas

Annual shraaddhaa is performed during the paksha and month of the parent's passing, on the day of the thithi.

Nimitta riiti or nimitta maarga (paarvaNa or saN^kalpa) shraaddhaa which most people follow in India, is normally performed by inviting three guests, representing (1) mahaa vishhNu (2) vishvedevaa(s) and (3) pitR^ii(s). After the daily homa is performed, shraaddhaa is performed by invoking the three svaruupaas among the guests, followed by shraaddha bhojana. Some people also offer vastra daana, and other daanaa(s).

When it is not feasible to follow the above procedure, shraaddhaa is performed by offering rice, other provisions, and vegetables. (aamaruupa shraaddhaM)

The least one can do is to perform shraaddhaa in the form of tarpaNa. The following is the procedure for tila tarpaNa ruupa shraaddhaa for pitR^i or maatR^i.

parehaNi shraaddha is performed on the day following the pratyaabdiika shraaddha, and is usually done as tarpaNa. The routine is similar to the tila tarpaNa ruupa pratyaabdiika shraaddhaa and the necessary modifications to the saN^kalpa are shown below in parentheses.


      aachamana - praaNaayama - sa.nkalpa

      aachamanam.h
      achyutaaya namaH, anantaaya namaH, govindaaya namaH
      keshavaaya namaH, naaraayaNaaya namaH
      maadhavaaya namaH, govindaaya namaH
      vishhNave namaH, madhusuudanaaya namaH
      trivikramaaya namaH, vaamanaaya namaH
      shriidharaaya namaH, hR^ishhiikeshaaya namaH
      padmanaabhaaya namaH, daamodaraaya namaH
      praaNaayaamaH
      oM bhuuH, oM bhuvaH, oM suvaH, oM mahaH
      oM janaH, oM tapaH, o{gm} satyam
      oM tatsaviturvareNyaM, bhargodevasya dhiimahi
      dhiyo yo naH prachodayaat
      omaapo jyotiraso.amR^itaM brahma bhuurbhuvassuvarom

      guru, ishhTadaiva praarthanaa

      Hold the palms in praNaama posture.
      asmad gurubhyo namaH |
      asmatparama gurubhyo namaH |
      asmatsarva gurubhyo namaH |
      shriimate shrii aadivaN shaThakopa yatiindra mahaa deshikaaya namaH |

      yasyaabhavadbhakta janaartihantuH
      pitR^itvamanyeshhvavichaarya tuurNam |
      stambhe.avataarastamananyalabhyaM
      lakshmii nR^isiMhaM sharaNaM prapadye ||

      shriimaan veN^kaTa naathaaryaH kavitaarkika kesarii |
      vedaantaa chaarya varyome sannidhattaaM sadaahR^idi ||

      gurubhyastad gurubhyashcha namovaakamadhiimahe |
      vR^iNiimahe cha tatraadyau dampatii jagataaM patii ||

      shriimannabhiishhTha varada |
      tvaamasmi sharaNaM gataH ||

      svasheshha bhuutena mayaa sviiyaiH sarva parichchhadaiH |
      vidhaatuM priitamaatmaanaM devaH prakramate svayam |

      shuklaambaradharaM vishhNuM shashivarNaM chaturbhujam |
      prasannavadanaM dhyaayet sarva vighnopashaantaye ||

      yasya dvirada vaktraadyaaH paarishhadyaaH paraHshatam |
      vighnaM nighnanti satataM vishhvaksenaM tamaashraye ||
      All pitR^i kaaryaas are done with yaGYnopaviitam in praachiinaaviita position, normally facing South. If facing South is not possible, the next choice is to face East.

      Wear the yaGYnopaviitam in praachiinaaviita position.
      Hold the palms in the sa.nkalpa posture.


      sa.nkalpaH
      hariH oM tat.h sat.h shriigovinda govinda govinda
      asya shrii bhagavato mahaa purushhasya
      vishhNoraaGYayaa
      pravartamaanasya aadya brahmaNo dvitiiya paraardhe
      shrii shvetavaraaha kalpe
      vaivasvata manvantare
      kaliyuge
      prathama paade
      asmin.h vartamaanaanaaM vyaavahaarikaaNaaM
      prabhavaadiinaaM shhashhTyaaH saMvatsaraaNaaM madhye
      ------- naama saMvatsare
      --------- ayane
      --------- R^itau
      --------- maase
      --------- pakshe
      --------- puNya tithau
      --------- vaasara
      --------- nakshatra yuktaayaaM
      shriivishhNuyoga vishhNukaraNa
      evaM guNa visheshhaNa vishishhTaayaaM
      asyaaM ---------- puNya tithau
      shrii bhagavadaaGYayaa shriimannaaraayaNa priityarthaM
      --------- gotraan.h -----------(gotraaH)
      --------- sharmaNaH ----------(namniiH)
      asmat.h pituH (asmat.h maatuH)
      pratyaabdiika shraaddha kale
      (pratyaabdiikashraaddhaaN^ga parehaNi shraaddha kale)
      --------- gotraaNaam.h ---- ---- ---- sharmaNaaM vasurudraaditya swaruupaaNaaM
      asmat.h pitR^i pitaamaha prapitaamahaanaaM sapatniikaanaaM
      vargaikapitR^In.h uddishya
      asmat.h pituH (asmat.h maatuH)
      pratyaabdiika shraaddhaM
      (pratyaabdiikashraaddhaaN^ga parehaNi shraaddhaM)
      tilatarpaNa ruupeNa karishhye
      Return the yaGYnopaviitam to upaviita position, face West, and hold the palms in praNaama posture.

      saatvika tyaagaH
      oM bhagavaaneva
      svaniyaamya svaruupasthiti pravR^itti
      svasheshhataikarasena anena aatmanaa kartraa
      svakiiyaishchopakaraNaiH svaaraadhanaika prayojanaaya
      parama purushhaH sarvasheshhii shriyaHpatiH
      svasheshha bhuutamidaM
      pratyaabdiika shraaddhaakhyaM karma
      (pratyaabdiikashraaddhaaN^ga parehaNi shraaddhaakhyaM karma)
      bhagavaan.h svasmai svapriitaye svayameva kaarayati ..


      aavaahanam.h - aasanam.h - archanam.h

      Wear the yaGYnopaviitam in praachiinaaviita position.

      prokshaNa mantraH
      apahataa asuraa rakshaa{gm}si pishaachaa ye kshayanti pR^ithiviimanu
      anyatreto gachchhantu yatraiShAM gataM manaH ||

      udiirataamavara utparaasa unmadhyamaaH pitaraH somyaasaH
      asuM ya IyuravR^ikaa R^itaGYaasteno.avantu pitaro haveShu ||

      apavitraH pavitro vaa sarvaavasthaaM gatopi vaa
      yaH smaretpuNDariikaakshaM sa baahyaabhyantaraH shuchiH ||

      oM bhuurbhuvaHsuvo bhuurbhuvaHsuvo bhuurbhuvaHsuvaH ||

      img saying the above mantra, sprinkle tila (sesame seeds) over the place where the darbhaas will be placed for tarpaNam.

      arrange two rows of straight darbhaas in East-West orientation for the base, as shown in the sketch. Of the two bhugnaas, lay one single bhugnaa in the centre, with the bhugna tips facing South.

      Put aside the other bhugnaa for now.

      AvAhanam.h
      aayaata pitaraH somyaa gambhiiraiH pathibhiH puuryaiH prajaamasmabhyaM
      dadato rayi.n cha diirghaayutvaM cha shatashaaradaM cha ||
      ---- gotraan.h ---- ---- ---- sharmaNaH vasurudraadityasvaruupaan.h
      asmath.h pitR^i pitaamaha prapitaamahaan.h
      ---- gotraaH ---- ---- ---- naamniiH
      asmat.h maatR^i pitaamahi prapitaamahii.nshcha aavaahayaami ||
      sprinkle a few tila (sesame seeds) on the bhugna.

      AsanaM
      sakR^idaachchhinnaM barhiruurNaa mR^idu syonaM pitR^ibhyastvaabharaamyaham.h
      asminthsiidantu me pitaraH somyaaH pitaamahaaH prapitaamahaashchaanugaiH saha ||
      ---- gotraaNaam.h ---- ---- ---- sharmaNaaM vasurudraaditya swaruupaaNaaM
      asmat.h pitR^i pitaamaha prapitaamahaanaaM
      ---- gotraaH ---- ---- ---- naamniinaam.h
      asmat.h maatuH pitaamahi prapitaamahiinaaM cha idamaasanam.h
      Take the bhugnaa which was laid aside, and offer it as aasana making it a pair of bhugnaas. The final arrangement should now look like it is shown in the sketch.

      archanaM
      idamarchanam.h
      sprinkle a few tila (sesame seeds) on the bhugnas.
      uurjaM vahantiiramR^itaM ghR^itaM payaH kiilaalaM
      parisruta{gm}svadhaastha tarpayata me asmat.h pitR^In.h ||
      Offer water with tila to the bhugnaas.


      tarpaNam.h

      Offer water with tila to the bhugnaas after uttering the following mantraas (one offering after each svadhaanamastarpayaami, for a total of three offerings after each mantraa)

      pituH
      udiirataaM avara utparaasaH unmadhyamaaH pitarassomyaasaH
      asuMya iiyuravR^ikaa R^itaGYaaste no.avantu pitaro haveshhu ||
      ---- gotraan.h ---- sharmaNaH vasuruupaan.h asmat.h pitR^In.h
      svadhaanamastarpayaami svadhaanamastarpayaami svadhaanamastarpayaami

      aN^giraso naH pitaronavagvaa atharvaaNo bhR^igavassomyaasaH
      teshhaaM vaya{gm}sumatau yaGYiyaanaamapi bhadre saumanase syaama ||
      ---- gotraan.h ---- sharmaNaH vasuruupaan.h asmat.h pitR^In.h
      svadhaanamastarpayaami svadhaanamastarpayaami svadhaanamastarpayaami

      Ayantu naH pitaromanojavasaH agnishhvaattaaH pathibhirdevayaanaiH
      asmin.h yaGYe svadhayaa madantu adhibruvantu te avantvasmaan.h ||
      ---- gotraan.h ---- sharmaNaH vasuruupaan.h asmat.h pitR^In.h
      svadhaanamastarpayaami svadhaanamastarpayaami svadhaanamastarpayaami
      pitaamahaH
      UrjaM vahantiiramR^itaM ghR^itaM payaH kiilaalaM
      parisruta{gm}svadhaa stha tarpayata me asmat.h pitR^In.h ||
      ---- gotraan.h ---- sharmaNaH rudraruupaan.h asmat.h pitaamahaan.h
      svadhaanamastarpayaami svadhaanamastarpayaami svadhaanamastarpayaami

      pitR^ibhyaH svadhaavibhyaH svadhaa namaH
      pitaamahebhyaH svadhaavibhyaH svadhaa namaH
      prapitaa mahebhyaH svadhaavibhyaH svadhaa namaH
      akshan.h pitaraH ||
      ---- gotraan.h ---- sharmaNaH rudraruupaan.h asmat.h pitaamahaan.h
      svadhaanamastarpayaami svadhaanamastarpayaami svadhaanamastarpayaami

      ye cheha pitaro ye cha neha yaa{gm}shcha vidma yaa{gm} ucha na pravidma
      agne taan.h vettha yadi te jaatavedastayaa pratta{gg}svadhayaa madantu ||
      ---- gotraan.h ---- sharmaNaH rudraruupaan.h asmat.h pitaamahaan.h
      svadhaanamastarpayaami svadhaanamastarpayaami svadhaanamastarpayaami
      prapitaamahaH
      madhu vaataa R^itaayate madhu ksharanti sindhavaH
      maadhviirnassantvoshhadhiiH ||
      ---- gotraan.h ---- sharmaNaH aadityaruupaan.h asmat.h prapitaamahaan.h
      svadhaanamastarpayaami svadhaanamastarpayaami svadhaanamastarpayaami

      madhu naktamutoshhasi madhumatpaarthiva{gm}rajaH
      madhu dyaurastu naH pitaa ||
      ---- gotraan.h ---- sharmaNaH aadityaruupaan.h asmat.h prapitaamahaan.h
      svadhaanamastarpayaami svadhaanamastarpayaami svadhaanamastarpayaami

      madhumaanno vanaspatiH madhumaa{gm} astu suuryaH
      maadhviirgaavo bhavantu naH ||
      ---- gotraan.h ---- sharmaNaH aadityaruupaan.h asmat.h prapitaamahaan.h
      svadhaanamastarpayaami svadhaanamastarpayaami svadhaanamastarpayaami
      maatuH
      ---- gotraaH ---- naamniiH vasupatnii rupiNii asmat.h maatR^IH
      svadhaanamastarpayaami svadhaanamastarpayaami svadhaanamastarpayaami
      pitaamahii
      ---- gotraaH ---- naamniiH rudrapatnii rupiNii asmat.h pitaamahiiH
      svadhaanamastarpayaami svadhaanamastarpayaami svadhaanamastarpayaami
      prapitaamahii
      ---- gotraaH ---- naamniiH aadityapatnii rupiNii asmat.h prapitaamahiiH
      svadhaanamastarpayaami svadhaanamastarpayaami svadhaanamastarpayaami
      GYaatii tarpaNam.h
      GYaataaGYaata pitR^In.h
      svadhaa namastarpayaami, svadhaa namastarpayaami, svadhaa namastarpayaami

      GYaataaGYaata pitR^ipatniiH
      svadhaa namastarpayaami, svadhaa namastarpayaami, svadhaa namastarpayaami

      uurjaM vahantiiramR^itaM ghR^itaM payaH kiilaalaM
      parisruta{gm}svadhaastha tarpayata me asmat.h pitR^In.h ||
      Offer water with tila to the bhugnaas.

      tR^ipyata, tR^ipyata, tR^ipyata
      Sprinkle tila (sesame seeds) on the bhugnaas.

      upasthaanam.h

      With palms joined, in praNaama posture:
      namo vaH pitaro rasaaya
      namo vaH pitarashshushhmaaya
      namo vaH pitaro jiivaaya
      namo vaH pitarassvadhaayai
      namo vaH pitaro manyave
      namo vaH pitaro ghoraaya
      pitaro namo vaH
      ya etasmi.Nlloke stha yushhmaa{gm}ste.anu
      ye.asmi.Nlloke maaM te.anu
      ya etasmilloke stha yuuyaM teshhaaM vasishhThaa bhuuyaasta
      ye.asmi.Nlloke aha.N teshhaaM vasishhTho bhuuyaasam.h ||
      upaviiti, pradakshiNaM, namaskaaraM, abhivaadanam.h

      Return the yoGYopaviitam.h to upaviitii position, perform pradakshiNa of the bhugnaas, (if the locations does not so permit, perform aatma- pradakshiNa) while chanting the following mantraas.
      vaaje vaaje.avata vaajino no dhaneshhu vipraamR^itaa R^itaGYaaH
      asya madhvaH pibata maadayadhvaM tR^iptaa yaata pathibhirdevayaanaiH ||

      devataabhyaH pitR^ibhyashcha mahaayogibhya eva cha
      namaH svadhaayai svaahaayai nityameva namo namaH ||
      Perform saashhTaanga namaskaara (if not possible, suukshma namaskaara) and offer abhivaadana
      abhivaadaye, ------ ------- -------- R^ishheya pravaraanvita
      ------- gotraH ------- suutraH -------- shaakhaadhyaayii
      ---------- sharmaa naamaahaM asmibho.

      wear the yaGYopaviitaM in the praachiinaaviiti position

      yathaasthaanaM pratishhThaapanam.h

      Sprinkle tila (sesame seeds) on the pitR^i varga bhugnaas while chanting the following.
      ---- gotraan.h ---- ---- ---- sharmaNaH vasurudraaditya svaruupaan.h
      asmat.h pitR^i pitaamaha prapitaamahaan.h,
      maatR^i, pitaamahii, prapitaamahiishcha
      yathaasukhaM yathaastaanaM pratishhThaapayaami ||
      Untie the bhugnaas and pavitram.h, take all the darbhas in the right hand along with the left over tila. Pouring tiirtha on to the right hand, chant the following and gently place the darbha with tila on the spot where the tarpanam.h was performed.
      yeshhaaM na pitaa na bhraataa na bandhurnachanya gotriNaH
      te tR^iptimakhilaa yaantu mayaa dattaiH kushaistilaiH ||

      tR^ipyata, tR^ipyata, tR^ipyata.

      Return the yaGYopaviitaM to the upaviitii position

      aachamanam.h
      achutaaya namaH, anantaaya namaH, govindaaya namaH -- -- -- --
      saatvika tyaagaH
      oM bhagavaaneva
      pratyaabdiika shraaddhaakhyaM
      (pratyaabdiikaaN^ga parehaNi shraaddhaakhyaM) karma
      bhagavaan.h svasmai svapriitaye svayameva kaaritavaan.h
      anena priiyataaM shrii vaasudevaH

kaayenavaachaa manasendriyairvaa buddhyaa.a.atmanaa vaa prakR^iteH svabhaavaat.h |
karomi yadyatsakalaM parasmai shriimannaaraayaNaayeti samarpayaami ||

|| sarvaM shrii kR^ishhNaarpaNamastu ||

      discard the dharba to a place where it is not likely to be trampled under anyone's feet.
* * * * *
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darsha
shraaddhaM
mahaalaya
shraaddhaM
pratyaabdiika
shraaddhaM




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